The first liver and bowel transplant was successfully performed in 1990. 
Intestinal transplantation was first attempted in dogs in 1959. 
Now bowel can be transplanted separately. 
To stop the body rejecting the transplant, powerful drugs are used to reduce the risk to the body’s immune system. These drugs would be required life long.
Patients after transplant surgery are subject to serious and sometimes lethal complications specifically related to the transplantation and immunosuppression, such as the following:

  • Further Bowel loss.

  • Bowel blockage.

  • Abnormal bowel contractions, movements and function, leading to food contents remaining  too long in the bowel and causing bacteria to grow.

  • The stitches inside the body joining the bowel portions together can open.

  • Acute (quick) rejection. 

  • Chronic (long term) rejection. 

  • Liver or bowel vein blood clots (thrombosis). 

  • Severe, widespread infection throughout the body with bacteria or viruses that anyone can be infected by and some bacteria or viruses that only affect people who have a lowered immune system.

  • Leukemia’s or cancers.